|Project||Tapachstrasse Terrace Apartments|
|Architect||Faller, Peter & Hermann Schröder|
|Address||Tapachstrasse/Hallschlag/Peter Stich/Schozacher Strasse|
|Building Type||Clustered low-rise|
|Number of Dwellings||NA|
|Dwelling Types||1,2, & 3 br. flats; 3 br. maisonettes, 5 br. houses|
|Section Type||skip-stop, gallery, flats & maisonettes|
|concrete, metal windows|
|Construction Type||R-C frame|
This terraced project is conceptually indebted to an earlier competition entry for housing in the city of Marl designed by Roland Frey, Hermann Schröder, and Claus Schmidt in 19654-65. In the Marl scheme, two gallery-access slabs were tilted against each other forming a long, 5-story high building that terraced east and west. About 20 of these terraced buildings were loosely arranged in parallel fashion along with scattered single houses, schools, shopping and other community services on a large irregular site. The Marl scheme was not built but the following year the architects applied the idea on a different site in Stuttgart. The Tapachstrasse site is a narrow plot running east and west so the prototypical Marl north-south arrangement was not possible. However, one half of a Marl terrace was used with the access gallery backing up to the street along the north side of the site allowing the apartments to terrace to the south. The terraced building here is 6 stories high. The long slab is interrupted and shifted slightly at the one third point presumably to both create an entrance point and to relieve the regularity of a long monolithic facade. An open pedestrian promenade is left above the level of parking along the base of the building with the open galleries stepped out and connected to several stair and elevator towers. The individual apartments are treated as parallel slots in the stepped form and occupy one or more slots depending on the number of bedrooms. Each dwelling has a small terrace overlooking the courtyard houses to the south creating the solid/void look of the south facade. The top two floors are allocated for maisonettes while the lower 4 floors are flats. In addition to this linear block, about 20 large 2-story courtyard houses were organized in a regular grid on the remaining level land to the south. Parking is provided beneath the terraced slab along Tapachstrasse.
The idea of designing a terraced form of dwellings for flat sites, an idea perhaps first developed by Le Corbusier in the Durand project of 1931, has great potential as a high-density urban housing type. Seen from the south, Tapachstrasse has the appearance and indeed the amenities of hillside housing. The removal of one half of the terraces from the Marl prototype was a logical step, although the north side of the building leaves a rather uninteresting facade along Tapachstrasse. As with most "extruded" slabs of this type, the end elevations are also typically uninteresting. This kind of terraced building became a trademark of Faller and Schröder and they designed other similar buildings after Tapachstrasse.
Helge & Margret Bofinger, Architektur iin Deutschland, Heinrich Kohlhammer Klotz, Jürgen Paul, Stuttgart, 1981, pp. 76.
David Mackay, Multiple Family Housing, David Mackay, Architectural Book Publ Co. New York, 1977, pp. 74-77.
Hoffmann & Repenthin, Neue Urbane Wohnformen, Bertelsmann Fachverlag, Berlin, 1965, pp. 161-3.