Perimeter block, cornerPerimeter block, infill
Ritterstrasse-nord
Dietrich Bangert, Bernd Jansen, Stephan Scholz, Axel Schultes | Berlin, Germany | 1982-86
Image of Ritterstra...
Corner of Lindenstrasse (l) and Ritterstrasse (r)

ProjectRitterstrasse-nord
ArchitectDietrich Bangert, Bernd Jansen, Stephan Scholz, Axel Schultes
CityBerlin
CountryGermany
AddressRitterstrasse/Lindenstrasse
Building TypePerimeter block, corner
Perimeter block, infill
Number of Dwellings15
Date Built1982-86
Dwelling Types1, 2 & 3 BR flats & maisonettes
No. Floors5
Section Typeflats, maisonettes
Exterior Finish
Materials
RC, brick and plaster
Construction TypeRC frame
Ancillary Servicesshops at grade on house No. 1

In 1976, Rob Krier proposed a system of courtyard blocks for the large area in southern Friedrichstadt along Lindenstrasse between Orangenstrasse and Ritterstrasse that had been vacant since the end of WWII. Work was continued here under the Internationale Bauausstellung Berlin (IBA) program in the 1980's. The pattern of perimeter blocks proposed for the rebuilding of this area was derived from the typical residential pattern that previously existed in Friedrichstadt. Shinkel’s Feilner House and the connecting courtyard buildings in the northeast corner of the large block proposed by Krier further suggested this organization. Feilnerstrasse was to be maintained as a secondary street passing through the block on a north south axis that defined two large courtyards and a pedestrian walkway extending south to the area behind the Berlin Museum to the south. Part of the Krier proposal in 1979 was to build along the south edge of Ritterstrasse and Lindenstrasse. Several different architects including Krier designed parts of this development that was finished before most of the IBA projects were underway in the mid-1980’s. Like the earlier “Ritterstrasse Nord”, several different architects each designed different parts of the new block with the result that while there is a consistent use of materials and details and buildings have the same number of floors, the individual buildings plans are all different and form a very eclectic typology of infill and corner building types.

This building by Bangert, Jansen, Scholz and Schultes, occupies a prominent corner at Ritterstrasse and Lindenstrasse and was one of four different buildings designed by this firm around the three courtyards. The new block continues the height and materials of the brick facades along Lindenstrasse and the stucco facades of the courtyards. The interior of the block is landscaped as a public garden. Several shops are located in the new buildings along Lindensstrasse and there two shops and a corner entrance to this building. Each part of the block is rendered as a separate building and each has its own stair and elevator, so, even though they use similar heights, frontage, and materials, the stylistic treatment of the facades and plans varies greatly resulting in an varied overall image. The examples shown here are of a corner and an infill type. The corner building is organized symmetrically to the diagonal with a central circulation zone and clusters of rooms to each side aligned with the adjacent party walls. The weighting of large rooms toward the corner and the corner concentration of large windows emphasize the corner position. The building mass steps back at the top level providing terraces on the garden side. The infill type shown here is similarly organized about a central circulation zone but is aligned parallel with the block geometry. The dwellings vary in size from 2 to 3 bedrooms. Maisonettes occupy the top two floors and give the impression of the traditional attic level along the street. Following the tradition of Berlin housing, the facades are simply and clearly organized without the elaborate decorative elements that characterize much of the IBA building.

Architectural Review, Sept. 1984, pp. 53-56.

Bauwelt, 1983, vol. 42, p. 1678-86.

Daldrup, Engelbert Lüke, Harald Bodenschotz, Angella Lüke Daldrup, Klaus-Dieter Schulz, Berliner Wohnguartiere, Dietrich Reimer, Germany, 1994, pp. 282-285.

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