|Project||Vinarská 6 + 7|
|Building Type||Perimeter block, infill|
|Number of Dwellings||c.28|
|stucco, ceramic tile, wood/metal windows, metal balustrades|
|Construction Type||R-C frame, masonry walls|
This is one of three different infill apartment buildings built along this street at the height of the Functionalist period in the late 1930's. Jan Gillar had developed a reputation for his theoretical proposals and competition designs for low cost social housing. But his actual commissions were more modest buildings suitable for the infill sites available in this district of 1920's middle class apartments north of the historic center or the row of 5 blocks on Druztevni Ochoz Street, in a subdivision south of central Prague.
Vinarská is an east/west street and Gillar designed buildings on both sides of the street. All three are variations of point-access types on typical narrow infill sites and constitute a modest exhibit of 1930's Functionalist facades. No.6 and 7, shown here, across the street from each other, represent two typical organizational strategies. Together they demonstrate the range of Functionalist ideas and details as they are applied within the very limited constraints of the narrow lot, 7 story height limit and step-back zoning requirements, and common finish materials. No. 6, on the north side of theavant-corps central section projecting forward slightly in the middle 5 floors. The height of the window increases in side bays, which are actually very shallow balconies with French doors and metal balustrades. The same balustrades are continuous at the top floor which steps back a few feet. The entrance is expressed with ceramic tile surfaces and a beautifully detailed glazed recess and door.
No. 7 by contrast is asymmetrical with the avant-corps zone expressed as an erosion of the building surface rather then the additive projection of No. 6. This is a striking departure from the usual cantilevered type, but has the advantage of registering a more accurate reading of the plan organization. The unequal side bays are planer wall surface with strip windows implying a continuation across the recessed zone of the balcony. The avant-corps zone is symmetrical about a vertical strip of large glazed openings that are an extension of the glass panel above the entrance. A glazed door to each side opens to this modest exterior space. While the walls are stucco, the balcony surfaces and walls along the street are surfaced with ceramic tile.
Kohout, Michal, & Vladimir Slapeta, Prague 20th Century Architecture, Springer, New York, 1999, p. 73.
Svácha, Rostislav, The Architecture of New Prague 1895-1945, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1945.